Q: It is reported that the US, the UK, Canada and other countries have recently announced new unilateral sanctions against Iran. Russian Foreign Ministry spokesperson released a statement, saying that these actions run counter to international law and are unacceptable. What is China's comment?
A: China always opposes imposing unilateral sanctions against Iran, let alone expanding those sanctions. We believe that sanctions and pressure cannot resolve the Iranian issue fundamentally, but will increase its complexity and gravity and ratchet up confrontation, thus running against regional peace and stability. Under the current circumstances, all relevant parties should enhance dialogue and cooperation and resolve the Iranian issue appropriately through negotiation.
Q: The Third Committee of the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution concerning the human rights situation in Syria. Why did China abstain?Why not support sanctions against Syria?
A: China abstained from voting on the resolution. We always hold that constructive dialogue and cooperation is the only way to promote and protect human rights. Exerting pressure with country resolution will not help resolve differences.
Highly concerned about the situation in Syria, China calls on all relevant parties there to immediately cease violence, launch an inclusive and balanced political process as soon as possible so as to restore national stability and order at an early date.
Q: The Japanese Defence Ministry reportedly claimed that six Chinese warships recently passed through waters off Okinawa and headed to the high seas for training. Please brief us on that.
A: It is learned that the Chinese naval fleet is on an annually planned regular exercise, which is not aimed at any specific country or target and is in compliance with relevant international law and practices.
Q: It is reported that Japanese Foreign Minister Koichiro Gemba will propose to establish China-Japan maritime crisis management mechanism. What is China's comment? In addition, please brief us on the communication between China and Japan on Prime Minister Noda's visit to China.
A: At the invitation of Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi, Japanese Foreign Minister Koichiro Gemba is in China for an official visit. Chinese leaders and relevant officials of the Foreign Ministry will meet and hold talks with him.
On the question that you raised, the two sides are in communication with each other on relevant issues and will release information in due course.
China welcomes Prime Minister Noda's visit to China within this year. The two sides have stepped up communication and preparation in this regard.
Q: Yesterday, the Information Office of the State Council held a press conference on the White Paper on China's Policies and Actions for Addressing Climate Change. As the UN Climate Change Conference in Durban is just around the corner, what is China's expectation of the Conference?
A: The Information Office of the State Council issued the White Paper on China's Policies and Actions for Addressing Climate Change yesterday. Vice Chairman Xie Zhenhua of the National Development and Reform Commission held a press conference to elaborate on relevant issues.
China expects the Durban Conference to stick to the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and the dual-track process of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol. To be specific, first, the Conference should clarify absolute quantities for developed countries' substantial emission reduction in the second commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol. Second, the Conference should define the emission reduction commitment under the UNFCCC for developed countries outside the Protocol, which should be comparable with that of developed countries inside the Protocol. Third it should specify and implement mechanisms and arrangements for adaptation, funding, technological transfer and capacity building. Fourth, developing countries make voluntary emission reduction commitment under the precondition of having access to funds and technology.
Generally speaking, we hope all countries can fulfill in good faith their own commitments before 2020 and further study post-2020 measures after the scientific assessment in 2015.
Q: It is reported that the ROK has asked China to stop repatriating illegal border-crossers from the DPRK. What is China's response? Former Khmer Rouge leaders are on trial in the Extraordinary Chambers of Courts in Cambodia. What is China's comment?
A: China always appropriately handles the issue concerning illegal border-crossers from the DPRK in accordance with domestic and international law as well as the humanitarian principle.
On your second question, China regards the trial of Khmer Rouge leaders as the internal affair of Cambodia which should not be interfered by the outside. We believe that the Cambodian Government will appropriately handle the issue left over from history.
Q: It was reported that the Libyan Transitional Government was formed on November 22. What is China's comment?
A: China welcomes the forming of the Libyan Transitional Government as an important step in Libya's political transitional process. We hope that Libya enjoys smooth political and economic reconstruction, maintains social stability and realizes national reconciliation so that the Libyan people will lead a happy and peaceful life at an early date. China will work with the Libyan side to promote the sustained development of China-Libya friendly relations and is ready to play a constructive role in Libya's reconstruction.
Q: Turkmen President Berdymukhamedov is in China for a visit. Will Turkmenistan increase natural gas supply to China? Considering recently intensified differences between China and some Southeast Asian countries, will China turn to Central Asian states for enhanced cooperation?
A: In the talks with Turkmen President Berdymukhamedov who is on a state visit to China this morning, President Hu Jintao put forward a number of proposals on how to develop China-Turkmenistan friendly relations and cooperation, including further promoting bilateral practical cooperation, deepening energy cooperation and strengthening non-resource cooperation in transportation, telecommunications, petrochemical, organizational, agricultural, health, high-tech and other fields. Following the talks, the two presidents signed the Joint Statement between China and Turkmenistan on Deepening China-Turkmenistan Friendly Relations and Cooperation and the Agreement between China and Turkmenistan on Turkmenistan Increasing Natural Gas Supply to the People's Republic of China.
Turkmenistan is a large producer of natural gas and China a big energy consumer. China and Turkmenistan are complementary in energy cooperation with great potential to tap. The two governments attach great importance to and are actively committed to expanding and deepening cooperation in this regard. Natural gas from Turkmenistan has now been transmitted to Guangdong Province through the China-Central Asia Gas Pipeline and China's Second West to East Gas Pipeline. President Berdymukhamedov will attend relevant ceremony in Guangdong. China is ready to work with Turkmenistan to further deepen energy cooperation for the benefit of the two peoples in light of the principle of equality, mutual benefit and win-win cooperation.
China develops friendly relations and cooperation with all regions and all countries in the world following the principle of equality, mutual benefit and mutual respect on the basis of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. There is no such so-called issue of turning to Central Asian countries to balance relations with Southeast Asian countries.
Q: Has China asked the Libyan Transitional Government to compensate the Chinese companies that suffer losses in Libya?
A: China has noted that an NTC leader expressed the willingness to compensate Chinese companies for their losses. China appreciates Libya's positive remarks of respecting Chinese companies' interests in Libya and will continue to encourage Chinese companies to take an active part in Libya's post-war reconstruction, in which they have an advantage.